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3. According to the older definition, some of the major cities include Jammu, Peshawar and parts of Delhi. It is a month of celebration for the people of Himachal Pradesh when new costumes are bought and amidst extensive salsa and melody the celebration ensues. His armies entered the region via the Hindu Kush in northwest Pakistan and his rule extended up to the city of Sagala (present-day Sialkot in northeast Pakistan). Lohri is the festival that marks the beginning of the harvest season, which calls for a celebration in many states of north India, including Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Halda Festival Himachal Pradesh Dedicated to the goddess of wealth, Shashikar Apa, Halda festival is celebrated with great zeal and also enthusiasm in order to celebrate the new year. Lohri festival: Lohri also known as ‘Maghi’ is celebrated in the Kullu region of Himachal Pradesh in the mid-January. It is believed that the Lohri night is the longest night of the year. Well, that's about me... how have you been guys??? Eating of til (sesame seeds) and rorhi is considered to be essential on Lohri day. The beginning of the festival is marked by an enchanting prayer ceremony in the holy premises of the Triloknath Temple, where the devotees pay their respects to the local deity and ask for His blessings. Punjabi farmers see the day after Lohri as the financial new year. What can I say about the place that has not been already said, it is alluring, appealing, charming, delightful, eye-catching, glamorous, prepossessing, elegant, exquisite, glorious, resplendent, splendid, statuesque, sublime, superb, flawless, perfect, radiant, dainty, delicate, lovely, pretty, ravishing, stunning.....and the list goes on. An important festival, Lohri is celebrated during winter in the gorgeous state of Himachal Pradesh. Not being a political unit, the extent of the region is the subject of debate and focuses on historical events to determine its boundaries. Regardless, Lohri is still celebrated a day before Makar Sankranti. During the transitional period from Winter to the Hot Season sudden hailstorms and heavy showers may occur, causing damage to crops.[23]. Asian Highway 43 (AH43) ]. In the celebration of Lohri festival young people and old volunteer to … With the advent of Islam, settlers from Turkestan, Afghanistan, and Kashmir have also integrated into the Muslim Punjabi society. Farmers celebrate Lohri during this rest period before the cutting and gathering of crops. Farmers also perform puja to some crops, signaling the end of the traditional farming season. People make merry by dancing & singing traditional folk songs. [26] Menander carved out a Greek kingdom in the Punjab and ruled the region till his death in 130 B.C. Hindi, written in the Devanagri script, is used widely in the Indian states of Himanchal Pradesh and Haryana. [24] According to Dr Fauja Singh and Dr L. M. Joshi: "There is no doubt that the Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Andhra, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Saindhavas and Kurus had jointly contributed to the heroic tradition and composite culture of ancient Punjab". It is celebrated with much zeal and fervour in Northern parts of India, especially in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. www.facebook.com/pages/Contemporary-Wedding-photography-b... All rights reserved - Copyright © Soumen Nath. This fascinating ritual is meant to jumpstart the harvesting of Rabi crops. The festival is being celebrated especially in North India in states like Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi. Ethnic ancestries of modern Punjabis include a mixture of Indo-Aryan and Indo-Scythian. Pongal is like a thanksgiving Occasions on which the farmers' fraternity owe their respect and honour to the nature and the farm cattle for being helpful during the harvest. The epic battles described in the Mahabharata are described as being fought in what is now the present-day State of Haryana and historic Punjab. The Sultan then led his troops to conquer the Sindh and Punjab regions for the Islamic Umayyad Caliphate. The Punjab was home to several Sufi saints. People also fly kites to celebrate this festival and the entire sky is full of colourful and liberating kites. Particularly under the reign of Jahangir. [8] All are tributaries of the Indus River, the Chenab being the largest. In 711–713 CE, 18-year-old Arab Sultan Muhammad bin Qasim of Taif, a city in what is now Saudi Arabia, came by way of the Arabian Sea with Arab troops to defeat Raja Dahir. The Lohri Festival is generally held to ensure fertility and prosperity. He arranged their marriages to boys of their religion with rituals and provided them with dowries. A key feature of Lohri is the bonfire. Happy Makar Sankranti Images 2016 Wallpapers, Photos HD. Already planning to go back. Children fly kites into the night during the Lohri kite festival in Amritsar, India. [6][7] Punjab literally means "(The Land of) Five Waters" referring to the rivers: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas. For tourists, this grand community gala not only proves to be a visual delight for their eyes but also a rejuvenating experience. According to the Hindu calendar, Lohri falls in mid-January. The Hindus 'nullify' their sins by bathing in the Ganges. This is a sort of prayer to Agni, the fire god, to bless the land with abundance and prosperity. The Indian states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh are mostly Hindu-majority. It is celebrated by people of Punjab with great fanfare. It bids farewell to winter and celebrates the arrival of the spring. The foreign invaders mainly targeted the most productive region of Punjab known as the Majha region,[2] located in central part of Punjab, which is also the bedrock of Panjabi culture and traditions. The Punjab region has been inhabited by Indus Valley Civilisation, Indo-Aryan peoples, Indo-Scythians and has seen numerous invasions by the Achaemenid Empire, Greeks, Kushan Empire, Ghaznavids, Timurids, Mughals, Afghans, British and others. During the establishment and consolidation of the Muslim Turkic Mughal Empire prosperity, growth, and relative peace were established. Image copyright Remsberg Inc. find out more at www.remsberg.com ift.tt/2jt5WAH, "Light also reveals knowledge, which knowledge is light, which light protects from darkness because darkness has no power to penetrate light as light has power to penetrate darkness.". I have used an outdoor background system, plastic background sheet of royal blue colour. Lohri is an popular harvest festival in India, especially North India. And i don't wanna talk all night about these stupid things, Its like that-that-that-that its like that now. The historical region of Punjab is considered to be one of the most fertile regions on Earth. All images are exclusive property and may not be copied, downloaded, reproduced, transmitted, manipulated or used in any way without expressed, written permission of the photographer. Many people believe the festival was originally celebrated on winter solstice day, being the shortest day and the longest night of the year. The Pongal festival also marks the onset of Tamil New Year with the first month called 'Thai' and is considered an important and auspicious Occasions for the farmers as they thank the nature for making the harvesting season so wonderful and pray for well-being and prosperity in future as well. As a result of several invasions from Central Asia and the Middle East, many ethnic groups and religions make up the cultural heritage of the Punjab. around 13 January, as per the Gregorian calendar. Lohri is celebrated with great pomp and fervour mainly in Punjab. He was regarded as a hero in Punjab. Some may be offered to the sacred fire. The Lohri Festival is one of the major festivals celebrated in the northern parts of the country. The festival is celebrated in mid-January in the Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh. Both Indian and Pakistani Punjab are considered to have the best infrastructure of their respective countries. LOHRI - The festival of winter is celebrated, almost, all over India. The festival of Lohri is celebrated in the month of January (Magh) every year. Perhaps the words til and rorhi merged to become tilorhi, which eventually got shortened to Lohri. [29] The Punjab bore the brunt of the civil unrest following the British Raj, with casualties estimated to be in millions. People, especially in the northern states of Punjab, Haryana and parts of Himachal Pradesh, are busing making preparations for Lohri – the long-awaited bonfire festival – when they can come out of their homes and celebrate the harvesting of the rabi (winter) crops and give in to relaxing and enjoying the traditional folk songs and dances. It is, actually, celebrated a day before Makara Sankranthi, as it marks the end of the winter season. With its vast collection of pottery items, colorful attires and everyday use items, the Lohri Fair also attracts shopping enthusiasts in large numbers. It is celebrated on the day of Makar Sankranti every year which falls in mid of January. 1761: The Third Battle of Panipat, between the Durrani Empire against the Maratha Empire. The sun usually enters the Nirayana Makara rashi on January 14. Lohri is also known as Maghi festival, as it is usually celebrated in the month of Magh (January). A joyous occasion celebrated with great zeal to mark the last sowing of the Rabi crop, Lohri undoubtedly makes the bucket list of must-see festivals of Himachal Pradesh. The Indus and the five rivers of the Punjab have their sources in the mountain range and carry loam, minerals and silt down to the rich alluvial plains, which consequently are very fertile.[16]. Lohri is a popular festival of Northern India, especially Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Lohri is a fun Indian festival. Menander I Soter "The Saviour" (known as Milinda in Indian sources) is the most renowned leader of the era, he conquered the Punjab and made Sagala the capital of his Empire. At the time of the formation of the Dal Khalsa in 1748 at Amritsar, the Punjab had been divided into 36 areas and 12 separate Sikh principalities, called misl. Lohri is the cultural celebration of the winter solstice and is observed by the Indians every year in the month of January. Lohri is one of those festivals in India which holds historical significance. Lohri is usually celebrated in the outdoors by friends and family who get together and have a bonfire in the evening. Wish you happy Makar sankranti 2016 To all Trvnews.com viewers, subscribers. The warmth of the fire inside the house contrasts well with the chilled weather outside. Hola Mohalla Photo by Jattmann, CC BY-SA 4.0. Pongal festival has derived its name from a Tamil word that means 'boiling' or 'spill over', in this festival boiling of rice mixed in fresh milk with jaggery in earthen pots are considered auspicious a symbol of good luck.Pongal is a four days long festivity that starts in the month of January every year usually from 14th or 15th day. Lohri marks the end … The period was also notable for the emergence of Guru Nanak (1469–1539), the founder of Sikhism. At this time Earth starts moving towards the sun marking the auspicious period of Uttarayan. The Pori Festival allures and delights a large number of tourists every year, while the locals consider this festival a very sacred occasion. A close up of the bonfire from the Lohri festival. #punjab #india #lohri #bonfire #dancing #whereintheworldisedwin. Winter savories are served around the bonfire with the traditional dinner of makki-di-roti (multi-millet hand-rolled bread) and sarson-da-saag (cooked mustard herbs). Hope you had lovely Easter, Lohri, Baisakhi, Vishu :), Will catch up with your streams tonight :), अगर आपको लोहडी पर पहनने के लिए #ड्रेस चुनने में परेशानी हो रही है तो आप हमारी इस स्टोरी को पढ़कर अपनी कंफ्यूजन दूर कर सकती हैं। क्योंकि हम आपको बताने जा रहे हैं कुछ बेहतरीन Lohri Dresses Ideas के बारे में जिनको पहनकर आप भी #लोहडी की रौनक बढ़ा सकती हैं।https://pinkspacestudio.blogspot.com/2019/01/lohri-dresses-ideas-in-hindi.html. TECHNIQUE: I have used three Elinchrom strobes, one had a Standard Reflector 50° 21 cm fitted with Elinchrom 12° Grid (top front), second strobe had a snoot fitted with grid (behind flowers, from right side), third strobe was placed behind the background, this light was also fitted with a snoot and grid. HAPPY "MAKAR SANKRANTI", "PONGAL", "UTTARAYAN", "MAGHI", "LOHRI", "BHOGALI BIHU", "KHICHDI" WISHES TO ALL...! The Lower Himalayan Range runs from north of Rawalpindi through Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and further south. Web | Instagram | Twitter | 500px | Facebook | Pinterest. [25], Menander I Soter (165/155 –130 BC) conqueror of the Punjab, he carved out a Greek kingdom in the Punjab and ruled the Punjab till his death in 130 B.C.[26][27]. (my home town). Seen here is a small bonfire made with bamboos and dry leaves to celebrate the festival. The region has been used for extensive wheat farming, in addition rice, cotton, sugarcane, fruit and vegetables are also grown. Other religious groups are Christianity, Jainism and Buddhism. [37] In 2001, it was recorded that farmers made up 39% of Indian Punjab's workforce. Here, in Amritsar, people are obssesed with flying kites in winters. The Maurya presence in the area was then consolidated in the Indo-Greek Kingdom in 180 BCE. At the time of partition in 1947, the province was split into East and West Punjab. The mountains are relatively young, and are eroding rapidly. Himachal Pradesh state’s festivals start from Lohri festival, to crack the frizzy winter of this state Lohri festival is majorly celebrated by people. Each day of Pongal Festival celebrations holds much significance with its association to the one or the other natural elemen. The origins of Lohri are many and link the festival to Punjab region in Indian subcontinent. The festival of Lohri commemorates the last sowing of 'Rabi' crops. It is a festival of harvest. Traditionally, Lohri is a special festival associated with sowing and harvesting."". It is for this reason that people believe the Lohri night is meant to be the longest night of the year and on the day after Lohri, day light is meant to increase. [22], There are three main seasons and two transitional periods. Sankranti is celebrated over the next two days in India and other countries. Pongal festival is the harvest festival of Tamilnadu-a state in South India. Bonfire is an integral part of the Lohri Fair that has been named after the Lohri Festival. The older definition of the Punjab region focuses on the collapse of the Sikh Empire and the creation of the British Punjab province between 1846 and 1849. Peanuts, popcorn and other food items are also thrown into the fire as an offering to the God of Fire. This festival is majorly of praying to the God Fire. It is not uniform over the whole region, with the sections adjacent to the Himalayas receiving heavier rainfall than those at a distance. New Delhi: People across India celebrated the festival of Lohri on Sunday. This Lohri Celebrate with family and Friends in Lohagarh Fort Resort. In other parts of India, Lohri almost coincides with the festivals of Pongal, Makar Sankranti, and Uttarayan all of which communicate the same message of oneness and celebrates the spirit of brotherhood, while thanking the Almighty for a bountiful life on earth. The major language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi. Several dialects of Punjabi are spoken in the different regions. Accordingly, the Punjab region is very diverse and stretches from the hills of the Kangra Valley to the plains and to the Cholistan Desert. As the legend goes, he once helped a miserable village girl out of her misery, by getting her married off, just like his own sister. The other 14 accepted British sovereignty. It is a festival to worship fire. The Hindus 'nullify' their sins by bathing in the Ganges.Some other people believe that Lohri has derived its name from Loi, the wife of Saint Kabir. "Lohri is one of the most popular festivals in North India. Festival in Kasauli: Travel Guide - Get information on famous & tourism Festival in Kasauli. Using the 1947 definition, the Punjab region borders Kashmir to the north, Sindh and Rajasthan to the south, the Pashtun region and Balochistan to the west, and the Hindi belt to the east. [35] Its share of Pakistan's GDP has historically ranged from 51.8% to 54.7%.[36]. The agricultural output of the Punjab region in Pakistan contributes significantly to Pakistan's GDP. [ En route to Bangalore. Lower ranges of hills run parallel to the mountains. In the Indian Punjab this is written in the Gurmukhi script. They sing in praise of Dulha Bhatti, a Punjabi avatar of Robin Hood, who robbed the rich to help the poor. Sankranti is the "festival of harvest" celebrated under different names. The actual day of the celebration is determined by the Lamas. My parents have small bonfire with homegrown wood, which is harvested by pruning the fruit trees, from the small home-orchard, at Ambala Cantt. Happy Makar Sankranti Images 2016 Wallpapers, Photos HD : Makar Sankranti is a Hindu festival and is celebrated by Hindus in the month of Magha in India. A festival polyptych is now an annual tradition. In 305 BCE the area was ruled by the Maurya Empire. A section of the Lahore Fort built by the Mughal emperor Akbar. Both east and west Punjab produce a relatively high proportion of India and Pakistan's food output respectively. People wear traditional clothes and gather to play and sing around the bonfire. In Punjab it is Lohir, in Tamil Nadu it is Pongal, Uttrayan in Gujarat, etc. For some the bonfire has a religious meaning, a remnant of ancient origins. Each Sunday of the winters witnesses spirits soaring high with shouts of "Ayi Bo! An important festival, Lohri is celebrated during winter in the gorgeous state of Himachal Pradesh. Lohri, which is mainly celebrated in northern India, also indicates the auspicious period of Uttarayan. ~ Darkness has no power to penetrate Light But Light has power to penetrate Darkness !! Lohri, is celebrated every year on 13th of January. Lohri is the foremost and one of the exuberant festivals of India which is celebrated every year on 13 January. In particular, the Sri Ganganagar and Hanumangarh districts are included in the Punjab region. Lohri is majorly celebrated in Punjab and north Indian states on 13th January and is considered to be the harvesting festival of Punjab. In the past, the most densely populated area has been the Majha region of Punjab. It is celebrated by people of Punjab with great fanfare. There are two main definitions of the Punjab region: the 1947 definition and the older 1846-1849 definition. It is celebrated mainly in Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh where Punjabi, North Indian population is high. The Monsoon Season, from July to September, is a period of heavy rainfall, providing water for crops in addition to the supply from canals and irrigation systems. Next morning is Makar Sankranti or Uttarayan festival. People celebrate the harvest of sugarcane crop in Punjab on Lohri. Happy SHANKARANTHI & Happy LOHRI. The days start getting longer than nights from Lohri. On this day of celebration, families gather together on their rooftops, dancing to music and enjoying each others company while the children and younger generations fly kites in a constant competition with the neighbors. At dusk, people from different households gather and light the bonfire. While the former perished in the Holi fire, the latter survived with Prahlad. Lohri is not just a festival for people of Punjab but it is a symbol of life. Lohri is essentially a festival dedicated to fire and the sun god. In addition to Punjab, this festival is celebrated with enthusiasm in Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. This Easter got a chance to visit one of the most iconic places in the world - Paris. In the Indian Rebellion of 1857 the Sikh rulers backed the East India Company, providing troops and support,[28] but in Jhelum 35 British soldiers of HM XXIV regiment were killed by the local resistance and in Ludhiana a rebellion was crushed with the assistance of the Punjab chiefs of Nabha and Malerkotla. As Lohri has been linked to the Bikrami calendar, the festival has been twinned with the astrological festival of Makar Sankranti. Qasim was the first to bring Islam to the region. [30] However, due to large scale migration from Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Bengal and Odisha the demographics have become more skewed than reported earlier. It is believed by many that the festival commemorates the passing of the winter solstice. Out of the 36 areas, 22 were united by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The name of the region is a compound of two Persian words[1][4] Panj (five) and āb (water) and was introduced to the region by the Turko-Persian conquerors[5] of India and more formally popularised during the Mughal Empire. The day after Lohri is celebrated as Makar Sankranti when the days are meant to start getting longer. Find pictorial representation of beautiful Lohri Festival in … According to the Hindu calendar, Lohri falls in mid-January, 13th of Jan. The Eastern part (with two rivers) became the Indian Punjab and the Western part (three rivers) the Pakistan Punjab, 1966: Indian Punjab divided into three parts: Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh, 1986: Resolution by militants proposing an independent state of Khalistan. [13] In India the wider definition includes parts of Delhi and Jammu Division. Hola Mohalla is a three-day festival in Punjab, following the festival of colours, Holi. [27] The neighbouring Seleucid Empire rule came to an end around 12 BCE, after several invasions by the Yuezhi and the Scythian people. Himachal Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation- A State Govt Undertaking. You can also satiate your taste buds by feasting on the wide array of savory delights offered at the Lohri Fair. sing the 1947 definition of the Punjab region, some of the major cities of the area include Lahore, Faisalabad and Ludhiana. During Lohri, a bonfire is lit and men, women and children dance around it to the tunes of feet-tapping music. [31] Sufism is a concept in Islam. States › Himachal Pradesh › Fairs & Festivals › Lohri Festival. On Sankranti / Pongal / Lohri day. In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the tip of the Punjab from the north (present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan) and defeated King Porus. The upper regions are snow-covered the whole year. The central theme of many Lohri songs is the legend of Dulla Bhatti, who lived in Punjab during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar. Amidst these mesmerizing folk music and dance performances, Lohri gives you the chance to understand the deep bond people share with their lands and crops, along with a fascinating glimpse into the culture and traditions of the inhabitants of this region. Makara sankranti marks beginning of the solar maagha masa, and Lohri must be celebrated on the last day of the solar Dhanur masa, which also marks the exit of the sun from Dhanu rashi. Punjabis celebrate the following cultural, seasonal and religious festivals: Traditional Punjabi clothing includes the following: Main articles: Economy of Punjab, Pakistan and Economy of Punjab, India. Lohri Festival is celebrated with great pomp in North India. Traditionally rural households and villages had a pan-village or community celebration of this festival where everyone gathered around the bonfire and sang in unison. After the death of Ahmad Shah, the Punjab was freed from the Afghan yoke by Sikhs between 1773 and 1818. From Pongal in Southern India and Bihu in Assam to Sankranti in Central India, the harvest festival of Lohri is celebrated throughout the country in different forms. East Punjab (48%) became part of India, while West Punjab (52%) became part of Pakistan. Lohri is celebrated in January and it is a festival that celebrates unity and encourages people to come together.

Lighting of the fire has been common in winter solstice festivals throughout time and the world: it signifies the return of longer days. In Pakistan, the region now includes the Punjab province and Islamabad Capital Territory. Sikh boy spinning fire, on the streets of Kalkaji. Also, according to the Bhagawad Gita, Lord Krishna manifests himself in his full magnificence during this time. According to this definition, the Punjab region incorporates, in Pakistan, Azad Kashmir including Bhimber and Mirpur[10] and parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (especially Peshawar[11][12] known in the Punjab region as Pishore). The British Raj had political, cultural, philosophical and literary consequences in the Punjab, including the establishment of a new system of education. Many people believe that this festival is celebrated on that day when in winter it is the smallest day of the year and the night is the biggest night of the year. The kite flying season reaches its climax with the Festival of Lohri(celebrated on January 13 every year) when people from almost every household get onto their rooftops for flying kites with music playing high in the background. From this point onward, the beginnings of a Punjabi Sikh Empire emerged. The third definition incorporates both the 1947 and the older definitions but also includes northern Rajasthan on a linguistic basis and ancient river movements. Lohri ( Gurmukhi: ਲੋਹੜੀ, Shahmukhi: لوہڑی, Devanagari: लोह्ड़ी) is a popular Punjabi winter folk festival celebrated primarily in the Punjab region.The significance and legends about the Lohri festival are many and these link the festival to the Punjab region. A visit to Himachal Pradesh during this time brings you across people carrying wide smiles and wearing traditional costumes. Abdali's Indian invasion weakened the Maratha influence, but he could not defeat the Sikhs. Over time, people have associated Lohri to the tale of Dulla Bhatti. Rural Scenes around Lahore, Pakistan - January 2016, Lohri - The Bonfire Festival - An Indian Winter Celebration, The game of flames ..The dog, the bird & the horse, by Lu and Kee Bud [http://www.ourlifestory.in], Dancing around the bonfire at the annual Punjabi festival of Lohri. The kite string or the 'dorr' (pronounced as door), is made of crushed glass, glue, colours and egg applied on the thread to make it strong enough to hold the kite and cutting out the rival kites in the sky. People, especially in the northern Indian states of Punjab, Haryana and parts of Himachal Pradesh, are busy making preparations for Lohri — the long-awaited bonfire festival — when they can come out of their homes and celebrate the harvesting of the Rabi (winter) crops and give in to relaxing and enjoying the traditional folk songs and dances. It is the most popular attraction of this agricultural festival. A key feature of Lohri is the bonfire. Happy Makar Sankranti Images 2016 Wallpapers, Photos HD Makar... www.happynewyearonline.in/2016/01/happy-makar-sankranti-i... Few kids trying to fly a kite that came to them by luck. These children are given sweets and savories, and occasionally, money. Other cultures observe winter solstice as per its original meaning. In 1758, Punjab came under the rule of Marathas who captured the region by defeating Afghan forces of Ahmad Shah Abdali. In a long line of succeeding rulers of the area, Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka stand out as the most renowned. Called "The Granary of India" or "The Bread Basket of India", Indian Punjab produces 1% of the world's rice, 2% of its wheat, and 2% of its cotton. The Gandharas, Kambojas, Trigartas, Andhra, Pauravas, Bahlikas (Bactrian settlers of the Punjab), Yaudheyas and others sided with the Kauravas in the great battle fought at Kurukshetra. However, there are times when the sun could enter the zodiac a day before or a day after January 14. Lohri is a Punjabi festival. Some other Northern states of India also observe this festival, including Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. People of Lahaul areas integrated as well as enjoy their new year by performing music. With the changing times, firewood is becoming one of the major reasons for reducing our vital tree cover on earth; we decided NOT to opt for bonfire. Come January, and the fields are filled with the golden harvest of wheat and farmers celebrate Lohri during this rest period before the harvesting and gathering of crops. Festival Month: Middle January. At night bonfires are arranged and people sing and dance around them as they celebrate the festival. "Lohri is one of the most popular festivals in North India. It is a month of celebration for the people of Himachal Pradesh when new costumes are bought and amidst extensive salsa and melody the celebration ensues. Lohri can be celebrated privately or in a community. A fair, named after the festival, is also held during the day. May the beauty of #Lohri Festival season fill your #Home with #Happiness!! On Lohri day, children visit their relatives and friends, singing and demanding the Lohri `booty’ in the form of money and eatables like til (sesame) seeds, peanuts, jaggery, or sweets like gajak, rewri, til bhugga, etc. Today/Tomorrow is Bhogi/Lohri and day after is Makar Sankranti. 1500–1000 BCE: (Rigvedic) Vedic civilisation, 1000–500 BCE: Middle and late Vedic Period, 550 BCE – 600 CE: Buddhism remained prevalent, 322–298 BCE: Chandragupta I, Maurya period, 711–713: Muhammad bin Qasim conquers Sindh and small part of Punjab region, 713–1200: Rajput states, Kabul Shahi & small Muslim kinddoms, 1206–1290: Mamluk dynasty established by Mohammad Ghori, 1290–1320: Khilji dynasty established by Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji, 1320–1413: Tughlaq dynasty established by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, 1414–1451: Sayyid dynasty established by Khizr Khan, 1451–1526: Lodhi dynasty established by Bahlul Khan Lodhi, 1627–1658: Shahaabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan, 1658–1707: Mohiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Alamgir, 1539–1675: Period of 8 Sikh Gurus from Guru Angad Dev to Guru Tegh Bahadur, 1675–1708: Guru Gobind Singh (10th Sikh Guru), 1722: Birth of Ahmed Shah Durrani, either in Multan in Mughal Empire or Herat in Afghanistan, 1714–1759: Sikh chiefs (Sardars) war against Afghans & Mughal Governors, 1739: Invasion by Nader Shah and defeat of weakened Mughal Empire, 1747–1772: Durrani Empire led by Ahmad Shah Durrani, 1756–1759: Sikh and Maratha Empire cooperation in the Punjab.

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