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Initially, desktop publishing was unique to the Macintosh, but eventually became available for other platforms. Microsoft Windows 3.0 was released in May 1990, the first iteration of Windows which had a feature set and performance comparable to the significantly costlier Macintosh. It was released to the public in September 2000 as the Mac OS X Public Beta, featuring a revamped user interface called "Aqua". He arranged for Apple engineers to be allowed to visit PARC to see the systems in action. The Macintosh II marked the start of a new direction for the Macintosh, as now for the first time it had an open architecture with several NuBus expansion slots, support for color graphics and external monitors, and a modular design similar to that of the IBM PC. [146] Although Apple was not able to overcome the tidal wave of IBM PCs and its clones,[4][147][148][149][150] Macintosh systems found success in education and desktop publishing. The name is of the meaning the son of the thane. Apple now sits in the number five spot, with a global market share of about 6% during 2014, behind Lenovo, HP, Dell and Acer. System 7 was the first Macintosh operating system to support 32-bit addressing. Although outselling every other computer, and so compelling that one dealer described it as "the first $2,500 impulse item", Macintosh did not meet expectations during the first year, especially among business customers. Without the higher profit margins of high-end systems, however, Umax judged this would not be profitable and exited the Mac clone market in May 1998, having lost US$36 million on the program. Current Mac computers use ATI/AMD Radeon or Nvidia GeForce graphics cards as well as Intel graphics built into the main CPU. [187], Apple has generally dominated the premium PC market, having a 91 percent market share for PCs priced at more than $1,000 in 2009, according to NPD. [60] The SE's expansion slot was located inside the case along with the CRT, potentially exposing an upgrader to high voltage. The 10 reasons that Apple must think is imperative for making the change from a PC to a MAC can be found on their website. Apple does not license macOS for use on non-Apple computers, however, System 7 was licensed to various companies through Apple's Macintosh clone program from 1995 to 1997. The Macintosh Classic, essentially a less expensive version of the Macintosh SE, was the least expensive Mac offered until early 2001. While 200,000 people participated, dealers disliked the promotion, the supply of computers was insufficient for demand, and many were returned in such a bad condition that they could no longer be sold. Intel chips introduced the potential to run the Microsoft Windows operating system natively on Apple hardware, without emulation software such as Virtual PC. [21] InfoWorld in September 1981 reported on the existence of the secret Lisa and "McIntosh" projects at Apple. The Macintosh's minimal memory became apparent, even compared with other personal computers in 1984, and could not be expanded easily. In October 1984 Apple introduced the Macintosh 512K, with quadruple the memory of the original, at a price of US$3,195. Macintosh is a Boy name, meaning Son of the thane. [69] In early 2001 Apple began shipping computers with CD-RW drives and emphasized the Mac's ability to play DVDs by including DVD-ROM and DVD-RAM drives as standard. [157] As of October 2006, research firms IDC and Gartner reported that Apple's market share in the U.S. had increased to about 6 percent. These shortcomings of the PowerPC chips were the main reasons behind the Mac's transition to Intel processors, and the brand was revitalized by the subsequent boost in processing power available due to greater efficiency and the ability to implement multiple cores in Mac CPUs. [183] The Air has been the best-selling ultra-portable in certain countries over Windows Ultrabooks, particularly the United States. Its current lineup includes four desktops (the all-in-one iMac and iMac Pro, and the desktop Mac Mini and Mac Pro), and two laptops (the MacBook Air and MacBook Pro). Apple instead brought the design work in-house by establishing the Apple Industrial Design Group, becoming responsible for crafting a new look for all Apple products. [105][106][107], In 2000, Apple released the Power Mac G4 Cube, their first desktop since the discontinued Power Macintosh G3, to slot between the iMac G3 and the Power Mac G4. Many small companies sprang up to address the memory issue. Upon his return to the company, Steve Jobs led Apple to consolidate the complex line of nearly twenty Macintosh models in mid-1997 (including models made for specific regions) down to four in mid-1999: the Power Macintosh G3, iMac, 14.1" PowerBook G3, and 12" iBook. [85] While the Motorola 68040 offered the same features as the Intel 80486 and could on a clock-for-clock basis significantly outperform the Intel chip, the 486 had the ability to be clocked significantly faster without suffering from overheating problems, especially the clock-doubled i486DX2 which ran the CPU logic at twice the external bus speed, giving such equipped IBM compatible systems a significant performance lead over their Macintosh equivalents. [121] On April 5, 2006, Apple announced the availability of the public beta of Boot Camp, software that allows owners of Intel-based Macs to install Windows XP on their machines; later versions added support for Windows Vista and Windows 7. By December 1980, Smith had succeeded in designing a board that not only used the 68000 but increased its speed from Lisa's 5 MHz to 8 MHz; this board also had the capacity to support a 384×256-pixel display. The Macintosh family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Macintosh Computer: The Macintosh computer (Mac) is a desktop computer by Apple that comes in a variety of form factors and designs. In 2001, Apple released Mac OS X, a modern Unix-based operating system which was later rebranded to simply OS X in 2012, and then macOS in 2016. When Steve Jobs returned to Apple in 1997 following the company's purchase of NeXT, he ordered that the OS that had been previewed as System 7.7 be branded Mac OS 8, a name Apple had previously wished to preserve for the never-to-appear next generation Copland OS. The Macintosh family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. 1962), Scottish Labour Party politician, Member of the Scottish Parliament for Eastwood (1999-), Henry Maitland Macintosh (1892-1918), Scottish athlete, winner of gold medal in 4x100 m relay at the 1912 Summer Olympics, ... (Another 11 notables are available in all our. MacIntosh, MacIntoshe, Macintoshe, MacKintosh, Mackintosh, McIntosh, and McIntoshe are variations of Macintosh. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. [70], Microsoft Windows 3.0 was released in May 1990, and according to a common saying at the time "Windows was not as good as Macintosh, but it was good enough for the average user". Apple's actions were criticized by some in the software community, including the Free Software Foundation (FSF), who felt Apple was trying to monopolize on GUIs in general, and boycotted GNU software for the Macintosh platform for seven years. The Macintosh Classic II[76] and Macintosh LC II, which used a 16 MHz 68030 CPU,[77] were joined in 1991 by the Macintosh Quadra 700[78] and 900,[79] the first Macs to employ the faster Motorola 68040 processor. See more. [180], Although the PC market declined, Apple still managed to ship 2.8 million MacBooks in Q2 2012 (the majority of which are the MacBook Air) compared to 500,000 total Ultrabooks,[181][182] although there were dozens of Ultrabooks from various manufacturers on the market while Apple only offered 11-inch and 13-inch models of the MacBook Air. Apart from its fast 40 MHz 68030 processor, it had significant internal architectural improvements, including faster memory and two Apple II CPUs (6502s) dedicated to I/O processing. Infamous for insulting its own potential customers, the ad was not successful. At one point, its product lineup was subdivided into Classic, LC, II, Quadra, Performa, and Centris models, with essentially the same computer being sold under a number of different names. "[37][38], Two days after "1984" aired, the Macintosh went on sale, and came bundled with two applications designed to show off its interface: MacWrite and MacPaint. He attributed the eventual success of the Macintosh to people like John Sculley "who worked to build a Macintosh market when the Apple II went away". The most Macintosh families were found in and Scotland in 1841and Scotland in 1851and Scotland in 1861and Scotland in 1871and Scotland in 1881and Scotland in 1891and Scotland in 1901. The Macintosh 128K, originally released as the Apple Macintosh, is the original Apple Macintosh personal computer. [85], Notwithstanding these technical and commercial successes on the Macintosh, the falling costs of components made IBM PC compatibles cheaper and accelerated their adoption, over Macintosh systems that remained fairly expensive. The following year, the Macintosh IIfx, starting at US$9,900, was unveiled. Others argue that market share is the wrong way to judge the Mac's success. It uses a desktop metaphor, depicting real-world objects like documents and a trash can as icons on-screen. The basic layout of the Lisa was largely complete by 1982, at which point Jobs's continual suggestions for improvements led to him being kicked off the project. Macintosh is derived from Celtic origins. [165] Whether the size of the Mac's market share and installed base is relevant, and to whom, is a hotly debated issue. [10][page needed] A 1984 Byte Magazine article suggested Apple changed the spelling only after "early users" misspelled "McIntosh". Originally they used the Motorola 68000 series of microprocessors. [32][33] The Macintosh was introduced by a US$1.5 million Ridley Scott television commercial, "1984". Since its architecture was first established, the lack of base features that were already common on Apple's competition, like preemptive multitasking and protected memory, reached a critical mass. advertisement advertisement Quick MenuInformation About The Name MackintoshPrononciation Of MackintoshThe Meaning Of The Name MackintoshStatistics Of The Name … The colonies across the Atlantic were the most popular choice, but a passage there was neither cheap nor easily suffered. It took 74 days for 50,000 units to sell. The iMac G4's relatively high prices were approaching that of laptops which were portable and had higher resolution LCD screens. Mackintosh is a Boy name, meaning Son of the thane. In OG. [18] In a 2013 interview, Steve Wozniak insinuated that he had been leading the initial design and development phase of the Macintosh project until 1981 when he experienced a traumatic airplane crash and temporarily left the company, at which point Jobs took over. Technical specifications of Macintosh Quadra 900 from, Technical specifications of PowerBook 165c from, Technical specifications of PowerBook 520 from, Apple Macintosh 128K in Back to the Future Trilogy, Learn how and when to remove this template message, History of computing hardware (1960s–present), List of Macintosh models grouped by CPU type, List of Macintosh software published by Microsoft, "The Few Remaining Uses of the Word "Macintosh, "Chronology of Apple Computer Personal Computers", "Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures", "Apple Releases macOS Catalina With Find My, Screen Time, and No More iTunes", "Apple is switching Macs to its own processors starting later this year", Revolution in the Valley: The Insanely Great Story of How the Mac Was Made, "Steve Wozniak on Newton, Tesla, and why the original Macintosh was a 'lousy' product", "Regis McKenna: The P.R. Its floppy drive was increased to an 800 kB capacity. There are many popular Macintosh software applications; many of those from large developers, such as Microsoft Office and Adobe Photoshop are actively developed for both macOS and Windows. [10]:256[97][98], In 1998 Apple introduced its new iMac which, like the original 128K Mac, was an all-in-one computer. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Mcintosh is Sunday, May 5th, 1901. 1943), American cartoonist, Hugh "Apples" MacIntosh (1927-1997), New York mobster and a close associate of Colombo crime family boss, D. I. MacIntosh, American politician, Mayor of Quincy, Massachusetts, 1953, John Macintosh (1821-1911), Scottish-born Australian politician, Member for East Sydney (1872-1880), Charles Macintosh (1766-1843), Scottish chemist and inventor of waterproof fabrics, eponym of the Mackintosh raincoat, Kenneth "Ken" Macintosh (b. Gaelic Mac an toisich. [44][45] By April 1984 the company sold 50,000 Macintoshes, and hoped for 70,000 by early May and almost 250,000 by the end of the year. [131], In April 2018 Bloomberg reported that Apple intends to drop Intel chips and replace them with an "In-house" version, which caused Intel's shares to fall 6%. Bud Tribble, a member of the Mac team, was interested in running the Apple Lisa's graphical programs on the Macintosh and asked Smith whether he could incorporate Lisa's 68000 microprocessor into the Mac while still keeping the production cost down. [100] It replaced a floppy disk drive with a CD-ROM drive for installing software,[101][102] but was incapable of writing to CDs or other media without external third-party hardware. [124] The iMac, MacBook Pro, MacBook Air, and Mac Mini lines currently all use aluminum enclosures, and are now made of a single unibody. [96] In 1991 Claris released ClarisWorks, which soon became their second best-selling application. Even with its innovative design, it was initially priced US$200 higher than the comparably-equipped and more-expandable base Power Mac G4, while also not including a monitor, making it too expensive and resulting in slow sales. [41] Apple introduced the Macintosh Office suite the same year with the "Lemmings" ad. This marketing campaign caused CEO John Sculley to raise the price from $1,995 to $2,495 (equivalent to $5,900 in 2019). Research into early immigration and passenger lists revealed many immigrants bearing the name MacIntosh: Digital Products on Checkout, all other products filled in 1 business day, Entire site uses SSL / Secure Certificate. As a last name Mcintosh was the 819 th most popular name in 2010. OS X uses Darwin, XNU, and Mach as foundations, and is based on NeXTSTEP. Donald Macintosh, keeper of the Gaelic records to the Highland Society of Scotland, 1801, compiled, "A Collection of Gaelic Proverbs", the first ever made. Mackintosh is infrequently used as a baby name for boys. Volunteer communities have customized Intel-based macOS to run illicitly on non-Apple computers. Instead of a GUI, it intended to use a text-based user interface that allowed several programs to be running and easily switched between, and special command keys on the keyboard that accessed standardized commands in the programs. Apple bought out Power Computing's license but allowed Umax to continue selling Mac clones until their license expired, as they had a sizeable presence in the lower-end segment that Apple did not. This allowed it to natively support more than 8 MB of RAM,[68] unlike its predecessors, which had "32-bit dirty" ROMs (8 of the 32 bits available for addressing were used for OS-level flags). Because macOS is a Unix operating system that borrows heavily from FreeBSD, many applications written for Linux or BSD run on it, often using X11. After their transition to Intel processors in 2006, the complete lineup was Intel-based. Apple reported worldwide sales of 3.36 million Macs during the 2009 holiday season. The MacIntosh family is said to descend from Seach MacDuff, who was awarded the lands of Petty and Breachley in Inverness-shire and was appointed Constable of Inverness Castle for his support of King Malcolm IV in the suppression of a rebellion in Morayshire in 1160. In 1994 Apple abandoned Motorola CPUs for the RISC PowerPC architecture developed by the AIM alliance of Apple Computer, IBM, and Motorola. [80] They were the first portable computers with the keyboard behind a palm rest and a built-in pointing device (a trackball) in front of the keyboard. In 2001, Apple introduced Mac OS X (renamed OS X in 2012 and macOS in 2016), based on Darwin and NeXTSTEP; its new features included the Dock and the Aqua user interface. 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