multistate nation definition ap human geography
Which state of matter has the most energy? •A state with more than one nation inside its borders. The people, therefore, had good reason to give control to a central state, but in giving up control over the irrigation system, they also gave up control over their livelihoods and, thus, the central state gained immense control over people in general. The U.S. began as a federalist system. AP Human Geography Unit 4b Political Geography Guided Reading Mr. Stepek Directions: This guided reading covers quite a bit of material. Anarchists believe that the state is inherently an instrument of domination and repression, no matter who is in control of it. See more. Which country follows the United States and China in total number of Internet users? An alternative theory of state formation focuses on the rise of more modern nation-states and explains their rise by arguing they became necessary for leveraging the resources necessary to fight and defend against wars. This is often the result of unresolved centrifugal forces pulling the nation apart from within, such as economic disparity and ethnic or religious conflicts. State vs. nation vs. nation-state territoriality sovereignty territorial integrity mercantilism multinational state vs. multistate nation vs. stateless nation capitalism centripetal vs. centrifugal gerrymandering reapportionment geopolitics Though the political boundaries of many European countries resemble nation-states, there is too much diversity within the nations to consider the idea of creating a nation-state an actual reality. a state that contains an ethnic group with the desire of self determination (self rule) However, there are many dozens of other similarly self-governing regions around the globe, most with names designating their status. North and South Korea have the same ethnicity, but they have different governments and ways of ruling their country. They can be called multistate nations. This colonial expansion across the globe is called imperialism. In Medieval Europe, feudalism furthered the rationalization and formalization of the state. They may speak the same language, worship the same religion or have the same political aspects in their governments. That would be sad. Operating under the Articles of Confederation from roughly 1776-1789, the new and decentralized country found itself challenged to do simple things like raise taxes, sign treaties with foreign countries, or print a common currency because the central government (Congress) was so very weak. What is the difference between Urban and Rural? Another theory of state formation focuses on the long, slow, process of rationalization and bureaucratization that began with the invention of writing. Therefore, the political elite in a capital city (like Paris or Tokyo) frequently have outsized power over the rest of the country. Find the example listed on a political map and try to find one other state that has the same physical shape. Any proposal to recognize Pakistani control over part or all of Kashmir would then provoke severe resistance from the Indian populace. Before then, Europe was a checkerboard of small states, cities, principalities, and alliances united by religions, language, history, and politics., language, history, and politics. This contrasts a nation state, where a single nation accounts for the bulk of the population. Which continent has no independent countries? This means that there are different states, but they are still considered as one nation. What is the largest Islamic country by land area? Federations may also work best when nations have multi-ethnic or multi-national countries. Puerto Rico (United States) and Hong Kong (China) are excellent examples. Thus, the boundaries of states bordering the Mississippi River are fixed to the river’s old course, though the location of its meanders has changed. Colonialism is the control of previously uninhabited or sparsely inhabited land. Rather than break into multiple smaller states, a country can choose to give each of its ethnicities or nationalities some measure of political autonomy. As a result, only states with a sufficient amount of capital and a large population could afford to pay for their security and ultimately survive in a hostile environment. These theories have been used to both justify and work to avoid conflict. These two factors helped to spread nationalism around the globe and have influenced modern political boundaries. Some of them can be found in Nigeria. Pluralists view society as a collection of individuals and groups competing for political power. When nations and states come together, there is a true nation-state, wherein most citizens share a common heritage and a united government. For the FRQs, you are not likely to be explicitly asked about one . This process is often beneficial to the unitary nations to prevent political instability and conflict; however, it can be withdrawn by the central government at any time. North and South Korea have the same ethnicity, but they differ in the ways they rule their countries. For example, if you would check out Iraq, Iran, and Russia, these are some countries that are comprised of multiple states. The truth is that this ideal goal is challenging to come by. Then a section of the nation requested this division. 2. They, however, may be diverse in other aspects. The term Balkanization refers to an area that was known as the Ottoman Empire, and it occupied the area where we have current countries like Bulgaria, Albania, and Serbia. loyalty to their nation than their State. It is produced of two or more nations or states. Initially, the United States was organized as a confederation, a loosely allied group of independent states united in a common goal to defeat the British. With the defeat of Germany and the emergence of the USSR, Spykman’s views were embraced during the formulation of the Cold War American policy containing communist influence. AP HUG Unit 4 Political Geography Test Review Sheet state, nation, nation-state, stateless nation, multistate nation, multi nation state … Number of states/countries today? A nation whose geographical area does not stay within the borders of just one country is also known as a multistate nation. The first known states were created in Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, China, the Americas (e.g., Aztec civilization, Inca civilization). This theory was articulated by German American historian Karl August Wittfogel in his book 1957 Oriental Despotism. ” For Marxist theorists, the role of the non-socialist state is determined by its function in the global capitalist order. Anarchism is a political philosophy that considers states immoral and instead promotes a stateless society, anarchy. The term state refers to the government; for example, the United States has a State Department with a Secretary of State. AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY THE GRAND REVIEW Unit I: Geography: Its Nature and Perspective Identify each type of map: 1. What is the difference between In Situ and Ex Situ Conservation? In 2011, the Indian government ordered the Economist magazine to remove or cover such a map in 28,000 copies of its May edition which were for sale in India. This strait remains the subject of a maritime boundary dispute between Canada and the United States. Many people have tried to exert control over the physical world to exert power for religious, economic, or cultural reasons. Earlier, quite large land areas had been either unclaimed or uninhabited, or inhabited by nomadic peoples who were not organized as states. As a result, it implies that if a nation does not seek out and conquer new territories, it will risk failing because other nations also behave organically. The Greeks were the first people known to have explicitly formulated a political philosophy of the state, and to have rationally analyzed political institutions. January 19, 2019 / in AP Human Geography / by emmacalderwood Key Takeaways: Political Organization of Space A nation is a group of people with common cultural characteristics, whereas a state is an area with defined boundaries that has sovereignty within its borders. multistate nation A nation of people that expands over the borders of multiple states Unilateralism World order in which one state is in a position of dominance with … Why do the Kardashians only date black guys? It is important to look at how political boundaries are created, determined, and occasionally redrawn. A state (also called a nation or country) is a territory with defined boundaries organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs. A homogenous nation-state is a country with a population that is ethnically, racially, or religiously homogenous. Political spaces exist at multiple scales, from a kid’s bedroom to the entire planet. Nor did they know that military technology would soon advance far beyond tanks and ground troops to include nuclear weapons, high-tech missiles, and drone airplanes. Thus, the modern states and their institutions (such as taxes) were created to enable war-making. Nation-state definition, a sovereign state inhabited by a relatively homogeneous group of people who share a feeling of common nationality. Some examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Herzegovina, Canada, and China. It is a group of people who have a shared ethnic or semantic culture in multiple states. Since the late nineteenth century, virtually the entirety of the world’s inhabitable land has been parceled up into areas with more or less definite borders claimed by various states. Examples: USA, Canada, Russia Enclave A territory whose geographical boundaries lie … The pluralist approach suggests that the modern democratic state acts in response to pressures that are applied by a variety of related interests. According to Tilly’s theory, military innovation in pre-modern Europe (especially gunpowder and mass armies) made war extremely expensive. This style of governance makes sense when a country is “young” – and is still in the process of nation-building or developing a common identity necessary to the establishment of a unified nationality. The first ancient states that formed during this time were called city-states. Thus, states, as an institution, were a social invention. The Atlantic has an article titled, “The Case for Getting Rid of Borders – Completely” that argues that morally and ethically, people should have more equal rights no matter which nation-state they belong to. The idea is that the heartland is a pivot point for controlling all of Asia and Africa, which he referred to as the World Island. What is the difference between Astrophysics and Cosmology? A multistate nation is a nation which operates more than one states within its borders. Imagine, for example, if Canada announced a claim to Washington State, and maps published outside North America began showing that state as a disputed territory. Eastern Europe is abundant in raw materials and farmland, which are needed to support a vast army that could then control the coasts and water ports that make international trade possible. From the name itself, you can already guess that a multistate nation is a type of sovereign state that comes with two states or other nations. For example, in North Korea, there are certain things that people will not be able to do that people in South Korea can do. Political geography is the study of how humans have divided up the surface of the Earth for purposes of management and control. Lastly, a multistate nation can also be defined as a nation whose geographical area does not stay within the borders of just one country. For those who are not familiar with them, these are people who can be found in various nearby areas. Most agree that the earliest states emerged when agriculture and writing made it possible to centralize power durable. In this lesson, we will learn about the different forms of political entities. . For instance, The Strait of Juan de Fuca is the wide waterway stretching from the Pacific Ocean on the West to the San Juan Islands on the east, with Vancouver Island to the north and the Olympic Peninsula to the south. Also, the government of British Columbia has rejected proposals by the United States, instead of arguing that the Juan de Fuca submarine canyon is the appropriate “geomorphic and physio-geographic boundary.” The resolution of the issue should be simple but has been hindered because it might influence other unresolved maritime boundary issues between Canada and the United States around the Gulf of Maine. •Iraq: Sunnis, Kurds, Shiites Multistate Nations •A nation that stretches across borders. AP Human Geography Exam Mackey's AP Human Geo Class Unit 1 - Geography - Nature and Perspective Chapter 1 Unit 2 - Population and Migration Chapter2 Chapter3 Unit 3 - … What is the only accurate representation of the earth? The Constitution that the U.S. Government, operates under today was adopted to help create a balance of powers between the central government headquartered in Washington DC, and the multiple state governments. According to the United Nations, in 2016, the world had 193 nations; however, many of those nations dispute their boundaries. Pluralism has been challenged on the ground that it is not supported by empirical evidence. A multistate nation is a type of nation wherein there is more than one state within a border. Both governments have proposed a boundary based on the principle of equidistance, but with different base point selections, resulting in small differences in the line. The concept of the modern nation-state began in Europe as a political revolution laid the groundwork for a sense of nationalism: a feeling of devotion or loyalty to a specific nation. Unitary systems work best where there is no strong opposition to central control. Start studying AP Human Geography Chapter 8 vocab. After the concept of the nation-state had gained a foothold in Europe, the ruling powers focused on establishing settlements and political power around the world by imposing their military, economic, political, and cultural influence through colonialism. Controversies about territorial waters tend to encompass two dimensions: (a) territorial sovereignty, which is a legacy of history, and (b) relevant jurisdictional rights and interests in maritime boundaries, which are mainly due to differing interpretations of the law of the sea. states, multistate nations, autonomous/semiautonomous regions) • Identify a contemporary example of political entities • Explain the processes that have shaped contemporary political geography • Sovereignty, nation-states, and What is the geographical limit? Another complication that arises from the lack of fit between nations and state is that some Although we began … Agriculture allowed communities to settle and also led to class division: some people devoted all their time to food production, while others were freed to specialize in other activities, such as writing or ruling. 4. Basically, in a multistate nation, people share a common characteristic and live in multiple states. What is the net worth of the owner of Mercedes? An example is the multistate nation of Korea. Many disputes have been resolved through negotiations, but not all. The concept and practice of a nation work to establish who belongs and who does not (insider vs. outsider). For example, they may share the common language, have similar cultures and festivals etc. It is an assortment of different states but all the same nation. The dispute is only over the seaward boundary extending 200 miles (320 km) west from the mouth of the strait. Later, empires formed when a single city-state militarily controlled several city-states. There are times when these people will still remember their culture, but they have already moved to different places while still carrying their culture with them. The nations may have the same ethnicity or they may be composed of people who would have the same race, and so much more. Landlocked Beaches are fun. What temperature soil quality mountains had population density? Take a look at the Soviet Union. Federalism is a system of government with one, strong, central governing authority as well as smaller units, such as states. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, scholars developed many theories about how political power is expressed geographically. Even though there are many states within the nation, the people in the nation have similar cultural aspects about them. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Such conceptions often ignore political boundaries such that a single nation may “spill over” into multiple states Today we take it for granted that different societies are governed by different states, but this has not always been the case. When a state has total control over its internal and foreign affairs, it is called a sovereign state. As the amphibious buffer zone between the land powers and sea powers, it must defend itself from both sides, and therein lies its fundamental security problems. Boundaries play a critical role in how people interpret the world around them and can often be sources of conflict at all scales, from two neighbors arguing over where a fence should be placed to nation-states laying claim to parts of (or sometimes all) other sovereign nations. ~Must be recognized by other states as a state in order to be considered a state. It is evident that Koreans have the same ethnicity, but because there are two different governments that are ruling the opposite sides of the state, the people who are living on these opposite sides are also doing things differently. In those places like Egypt, France, and Japan, where nationalist feelings are strong, and there are many centripetal forces like language, religion, and economic prosperity uniting people, a unitary state makes much sense. Are lizards from the same family as dinosaurs? The multistate nation may have a state with the same ethnicity which is composed of people with the same language, food, religion, political beliefs, and other cultural aspects. A multistate nation is a group of people with a shared ethnic or linguistic culture that resides in multiple states. Moreover, the political border may persist even after the physical feature, which created the original boundary has changed its location. Chapter 1: Introduction to Human Geography, 1.1 Geography: The Science of Where, How, and Why, Chapter 3: Cultural Patterns and Processes, Chapter 4: Political Borders, Boundaries, and Governments, 5.5 Globalization and International Trade, 7.3 Cities as Cultural and Economic Centers, 7.4 Cities as Environmental and Sustainable Centers. So sad. What is the difference between FHSS and DSSS? The Case for Getting Rid of Borders – Completely, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. But what if your country didn't have access to a beach? The Organic Theory states that nations must continually seek nourishment in the form of gaining land to survive in the same way that a living organism seeks nourishment from food to survive. What historical event might account for the fact that there are few men above the age of 60 in Russia? A multinational state is a sovereign state that comprises of two or more nations or states. According to one early theory of state formation, the centralized state was developed to administer large public works systems (such as irrigation systems) and to regulate complex economies. At each location, somebody or some group seeks to establish the rules governing what happens in that space, h… What is the difference between Basin and Valley? This means that there are groups of people who share a collective identity and history, but who have no parcel of land that they fully control. DICTIONARY.COM Why are animals so friendly to capybaras. Most political theories of the state can roughly be classified into two categories. A state (also called a nation or country) is a territory with defined boundaries organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs. Though there are many states in the nation, the people in that nation have many cultural aspects in common. Looking beyond the patterns on political maps helps us to understand the spatial outcomes of political processes and how political processes are themselves affected by spatial features. If they want to speak their language or teach their specific religion in the local schools, then the central government allows local people to make those decisions. There is a different historical multistate nation which includes the ottoman empire, the soviet union, etc., but the present-day multistate nation includes Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mauritius, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Serbia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the United States. At each location, somebody or some group seeks to establish the rules governing what happens in that space, how power is shared (or not), and who even has the right to access those spaces. They then view the state as a neutral body that enacts the will of whichever group dominates the electoral process. A nation with more than one state within its borders. What two island Chains form the east boundary of the Caribbean Sea? Innovations in food production and the manufacturing of products transformed Europe, and in turn, political currents were undermining the established empire mentality fueled by warfare and territorial disputes.