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pigweed scientific name

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Scientific names are more precise, as each species has just one valid scientific name at any one time. Its life-cycle is adapted to desert conditions; it will germinate and grow to quickly produce abundant seed when water is available. Clinical symptoms include rapid breathing through the mouth in livestock and an elevated heart rate. Celosia argentea var. It has an erect stem, 1 to 6.6 feet tall, that is commonly freely branched. Common wheat and bread wheat are equivalent names that can encompass a complex of domesticated hexaploid wheats when they are classified under one species name, Triticum aestivum, thereby including forms that are neither common nor necessarily amenable to bread-making (Figure 3). Grant WF, 1959. This is a reason some potentially good biological control agents are abandoned: they meet many perhaps stronger or better-adapted new enemies in their new home. Given that the first edition published in 1982 recorded 499 releases between the late 19th century and 1980, it is clear that there is a great deal of worldwide research on biological control of weeds. Virtually every farmer in North America knows and grapples with pigweed, a term that covers several species in the genus Amaranthus, including: 1. redroot pigweed (A. retroflexus) 2. smooth pigweed (A. hybridus) 3. In Europe, yields are moderate, 1200–6700 kg/ha, especially in Mediterranean climates. Amaranthus hybridus L. (1753) Preferred Common Name. Cattlemen objected because the tree cactus was useful as feed and as a source of otherwise unavailable water on some ranges. Its dried, triangular-shaped fruit, a nut, resembles the beechnut produced by beech trees (Fagus spp.). Gallagher RS, Cardina J, 1997. Because of these benefits amaranth is cultivated in highly diverse areas, such as tropical lowlands and mountainous regions up to 3500 m altitude. In 2013, the US Department of Agriculture's (USDA’s) Animal, Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) report2 listed 121 exotic biological control agents approved and released for management of 34 weeds in the United States and 94 agents released for management of 22 weeds in Canada. Common Name: pigweed: Family: Amaranthaceae: Print with name - Print without name Members of the Amaranthaceae Family (Thumbnails): Amaranthus retroflexus; Amaranthus spp. The pigweed family includes several different species capable of producing toxicosis, but Amaranthus retroflexus is the species most commonly associated with disease in domestic animals (Burrows and Tyrl, 2001). Prostrate pigweed, or mat amaranth (A. graecizans), grows along the ground surface with stems rising at the tips; spiny pigweed, or spiny amaranth (A. spinosus), has spines at the base of the leafstalks; and rough pigweed, or redroot (A. retroflexus), is a stout plant up to 3 metres (about 10 feet) tall. English: green amaranth; slim amaranth The annotation of the genome identified about 23 protein-coding genes (Clouse et al., 2016). In the gastrointestinal tract, nitrates are converted to nitrite, which leads to the formation of methemoglobin that cannot carry oxygen to tissues. By 2003, the cactus moth was established in Florida and Georgia, and along the Atlantic coast almost as far north as Charleston, South Carolina (Hight et al., 2002; Bloem, 2003). Intensive real estate development in the lake's pristine watershed, clear-cut logging, and recreation proceeded without inhibition and were all major contributors to the lake's pollution and eutrophication (Larson, 1996). Amaranth: Its Unique Nutritional and Health-Promoting Attributes, Stefano D’Amico, Regine Schoenlechner, in, (Adapted from Irving, D.W., Betschart, A.A., Saunders, R.M., 1981. The tetraploid species as Amaranthus dubius L. have 4n = 64 chromosomes. & Godr. have been associated with acute tubular necrosis in small animals, especially cats. A mature specimen of Amaranthus caudatus, the most important of the Andean grain amaranths. tumbleweed. In fact, the history of biological control has demonstrated that it is easy to make mistakes when a biocontrol agent is introduced. “Just tell yourself you are not going t… Elkins, UC Cooperative Extension Lake County. Cattlemen, those primarily affected, want to get rid of it. smooth pigweed; Other Scientific Names. 2x = diploid; 4x = tetraploid; 6x = hexaploid. The ‘wheat’ in buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum; Figure 1) and Inca wheat (Amaranthus caudatus; Figure 2) creates the false impression of a relationship with wheat (Triticum species; Figure 3), when in fact wheat and these two pseudocereal species are far apart from each other in evolutionary relationships, in biology, and in grain attributes. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Wheat, hard red winter, USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Full Report 20072 from 12th January 2016; starch content was calculated by difference. Its inherent tolerance to high temperatures, drought, poor soil conditions, and lack of major diseases makes amaranth very interesting as a crop for challenging growing conditions, especially in respect of the consequences of climate change (Alemayehu et al., 2015). Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum). Moth eggs were collected in Argentina, sent to Australia by ship, reared, and released from 1925 to 1929 (Myers and Bazely, 2003). Family Amaranthaceae Scientific Name Amaranthus hybridus ← → Other Common Names: smooth amaranth. A mongoose will kill a rat when it meets one. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Common Name: pigweed: Family: Amaranthaceae: Print with name - Print without name Members of the Amaranthaceae Family (Thumbnails): Amaranthus retroflexus; Amaranthus spp. It is quite similar to pigweed in many respects. The moth was also introduced in South Africa. The Latin, or scientific name, of each pigweed includes the genus name Amaranthus; each respective species name differentiates among the genus members. Other pigweeds include the edible Chenopodium album, also called lamb’s quarters. This erect summer annual flowers from June through October. Data from Alvarez-Jubete et al. If not qualified, Reproduced from Vietmeyer ND (ed.) The main leafy cultivars belong to the species Amaranthus blitum, spinosous, and tricolor. The plant is worth more than $100 million/year to the Mexican economy. In view of the vasodilation caused by nitrate, vasoconstrictor drugs may also be used. There is much greater cultivation in Russia, amounting to about 100,000 ha (Moudry et al., 1999). Only a few of the more than 100 organisms released for biocontrol of weeds worldwide have become pests subsequent to their release, but as these examples show, it has happened. Family - Amaranth (Pigweed) Family - Amaranthaceae . The hypothesis is that some ecological roles (i.e., a population-regulating organism) are not filled in a place where biological control is desired; thus the niche is empty and can be filled. pubescens Uline & Bray: AMPU: Amaranthus pubescens (Uline & … This article was most recently revised and updated by. for a discussion of tannins. The question is, can an effective natural enemy be found? Distinguishing Features. Finally, they must ask what is known or not about the organism and how much it will cost to develop it into a biological control agent (Auld). Plants in the weed's host range that are tested to ensure specificity include (Strobel, 1991): those not adequately exposed to the agent for ecological or geographic reasons. Populations in the eastern United States are probably naturalized.It has also been introduced to Europe, Australia, … Clearly, releases have declined in the 21st century. those attacked by close relatives of the agent. Their taxonomic names distinguish these grain amaranths from other weedy Amaranthus species variously known as pigweed, amaranth, or water hemp. Scientific name Portulaca oleracea L. Common name pigweed WildNet taxon ID 16359 Alternate name(s) purslane munyeroo common pigweed red pigweed neverdie Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Will it be free of its old predators and not be subject to new ones in its new habitat? Vectors. Return It is a traditional food of Native Americans including the Navajo, Pima, Yuma and Mohave. Fruits. CONFIRMATION STATUS: Pending confirmation. LabCorp test details for Pigweed, Common. In Hawaii, there were vigorous objections to introduction of the same moth borer. The moth was detected on Isla Mujeres on Jul. Defoliating mesquite with the herbicide 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid caused the wood boring insects to die and resulted in trees that were more difficult to burn. It is still known by the ancient Incan name ‘kiwicha.’ Seeds (left) are about 1 mm in diameter and have a curved embryo. Within 3 years of the introduction of the moth borer, the prickly pear area was transformed as if by magic from a wilderness of 60 million acres of prickly pear to prosperous agricultural land. Illness in oxalate poisoning occurs not only because of renal disease but also because of neuromuscular dysfunction, the result of the hypocalcemia produced by chelation of serum calcium by oxalates. Common Kochia Kochia scoparia. After four or five years, though, only about 10% of the initial population will be capable of emergence. NOW 50% OFF! The single-seeded fruits are tiny capsules, roughly less than 1/17 of an inch (1.5 mm) long and open around the middle by a caplike lid to release the seed. By 1916, prickly pear had invaded more than 60 million acres in Australia and was estimated to be spreading at 1 million acres a year. salicifolius I. M. Johnston . The next, higher level of taxonomy is the foxtail family, the Amaranthaceae (Berghofer and Schoenlechner 2002). Although this is an interesting question, its relevance has not been determined. The seven-spotted lady beetle (Coccinella septempunctata), an aphid predator, has dispersed throughout much of the United States. ABBREVIATION : AMARET SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : AMRE COMMON NAMES : rough pigweed redroot pigweed redroot amaranth green amaranth pigweed wild beet pigweed amaranth canne red-root pigweed careless weed TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of rough pigweed is Amaranthus retroflexus L. [11,14,18,20]. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. A chronic oxalate nephrosis in ragdoll cats of unknown inheritance and etiology is also reported. Amaranthus patulus Bertol. Specificity means that it will attack and control one plant (the weed) and no others. No one knows for sure how the beetle arrived in the United States. The main amaranth-producing countries are the tropical regions of South America, but also of Africa (especially for leaves of the amaranth plant), Central, and Southeast Asia (especially India), and to a minor extent also the warmer regions of North America. (1837) International Common Names. Anything that stirs or moves soil will inevitably move seeds and abrade seed coats. The plants are bushy with thick stalks. The outer layers are rich in fat and protein. The toxic principle is likely a group of phenolic compounds present in the leaves. Achyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip, prickly chaff-flower): the seeds have been used in desert areas in India as a famine food. It was an environmental disaster. Common Name: Pigweed Species Most Often Affected: cattle, swine Poisonous Parts: leaves Primary Poisons: nitrate These images are copyrighted. There are several examples of poor understanding. Pigweed, any of several weedy annual plants of the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae). 5. Chromosome number varies with species in amaranth. Morphological studies on. Amaranthus palmeri is a species of edible flowering plant in the amaranth genus. Carelessweeds are annual weedy herbs belonging to the amaranth family. Corrections? The weed invades and damages grazing land, grain, and seed crops. Palmer amaranth (A. palmeri) 5. spiny amaranth (A. spinosus) 6. tumble pigweed (A. albus) 7. prostrate pigweed (A. blitoides) 8. waterhemp (A. tuberculatus = A. rudis) These heat-loving summer annuals emerge after the spring frost date, grow rapidly, compete … Browse succulents by common name: Pigweed - Plant information, facts and uses, photos, growing tips, where to buy, and more. L. Life Cycle: Warm season annual Origin: Tropical Americas Poisonous: No Spiny pigweed … Table 12.2. Palmer amaranth was accidentally introduced to the southeastern US. There have been three 21st century releases in Canada: Russian knapweed, rush skeleton weed, and false cleavers. Several species of pigweed, particularly Amaranthus retroflexus, can be responsible for acute tubular necrosis and perirenal edema in pigs and cattle. Figure 6.2. Other common names for redroot pigweed include redroot amaranth, careless weed, and rough pigweed. It bears inconspicuous flowers from June to November. Rough pigweed has a taproot that can grow 3.9 to 95 inches … The five weeds approved for biological control in the United States in the 21st century are Arundo, Russian knapweed, mile-a-minute weed, salt cedar (tamarisk), and yellow star thistle. A plant’s species name can be spelled out in Latin (its scientific name, e.g., Amaranthus retroflexus) or in plain English (its common name, e.g., redroot pigweed). Extra-renal lesions include edema and ulceration of the digestive tract. These are not absolute requirements, but they mean that development of successful biological control can be achieved only by careful research that addresses at least the following seven questions about the organism proposed for biological control of any weed and an additional regulatory question. 3 - 4 days. R.B. red-root pigweed careless weed . III. Besides kudzu has been around since 1876, when the US Department of Agriculture introduced it for erosion control at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. Acutely poisoned animals are usually treated with methylene blue (10 mg/kg, i.v). Tumble pigweed (top, left) flower clusters only grow between the stem and leaf stalks, rather than in spikes as found in other pigweeds such as palmer amaranth (top, right). Tumble pigweed (top, left) flower clusters only grow between the stem and leaf stalks, rather than in spikes as found in other pigweeds such as palmer amaranth (top, right). There are often additional dense clusters of flowers in the axils of upper leaves. From left to right, the wheat species are (including their genome assignments and common names): T. boeoticum (2x: wild einkorn), T. monococcum (2x: einkorn), T. dicoccoides (4x: wild emmer), T. dicoccum (4x: emmer), T. durum (4x: macaroni wheat), T. carthlicum (4x: Persian wheat), T. turgidum (4x: rivet wheat, cone wheat), T. polonicum (4x: Polish wheat), T. timopheevii (4x: Timopheev's wheat), T. aestivum (6x: bread wheat), T. sphaerococcum (6x: shot wheat, Indian dwarf wheat), T. compactum (6x: club wheat), T. spelta (6x: spelt), and T. macha (6x: macha wheat). Such techniques are obviously inappropriate for the field, but the same thing is accomplished by tillage. Preferred Scientific Name. “They are relatively short-lived in the soil,” Bradley says. However, this latter species produces small flowers with yellow petals and its leaves lack the conspicuous lateral veins that can be found on the leaves of Prostrate Pigweed.

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