varieties of plum
Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. If you are looking for the largest type of plum, then the ‘Owen T’ cultivar is thought to be the biggest. Four Different Plums On A Single Tree When it comes to beautiful plum trees and the mouth-watering fruit they bear, there are several great varieties to choose from. Simca (simka) plums are a variety of large, heart-shaped plums that have deep reddish skins with blueish-purple dusty waxy coating. Similar to the French Prune, the Italian prune variety is a large, oblong, egg-shaped plum with a powdery coating on purple-blue skin. To make the most of pluots, you will have to look for fresh, fragrant plums that are firm and vibrant in their appearance. These delicious fruits can be ideally picked in late summers to early autumns. There are tons of plum varieties to choose from. Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. Plum fruits are a type of drupe because they have a stone in the middle that’s surrounded by soft, sweet or tart flesh. Plumcots, apriums, and pluots are all naturally developed fruits that combine varieties of plums and apricots. These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they have a distinct 'plum' fragrance. The drupe fruit has a long, oblong shape similar to a small pear. As with most Japanese varieties of plums, Simca plums are larger and juicer. Considered as the best European type of plum, Moyer plums are longer in shape and less round which is quite unlike typical plums. While you can grow your very own Mirabelle plums in your home garden, the most genuine Mirabelle fruit is only grown in France. Santa Rosa plums are suitable for many uses, including eating fresh or using in baked goods. These plum varieties are somewhat shy bearing but its fruits have a very good quality. There are several different cherry plum cultivars that produce small plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Satsuma plums are a semi-clingstone variety, meaning that the flesh partially clings to the stone. This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … Unlike Black Beauty and Friar, Black Splendor is quite an early-season plum and can be harvested around June 5 to June 20. Many flowering plum tree cultivars produce fruits of various colors, textures, flavors and sizes. Consumers of greengage plums suggest that these beautiful-looking fruits have dense and juicy flesh, having the right balance of honey-like sweetness and subtle acidity of citrus fruits. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. Otherwise, the fruit may lose its original flavor and may not taste as vigorous as it ought to. But plums are much more diverse than their stone-fruit cousins. All these have their uses, so the final choice is usually a personal one. As you will see, there are several options for this fruit, in addition to the typical purple or red ones. While plucots and pluots are often labeled as the same type of plums, they are technically different. ‘Black Splendor’ plums live up to their name—they have a fantastic sweet taste. Plum Varieties. AVALON PLUM TREE. Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. Another type of sweet black plum is the ‘El Dorado’ cultivar. Most people incorrectly assume that these moist fruits were first domesticated by cultivars in the wild. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. On the other hand, John W plums which are named after their fruit breeder – John H. Weinberger – distinguish themselves with purple skin and orange flesh. The sweet varieties of Myrobalan plums are delicious when eaten fresh. It has large, elliptical, symmetrical fruit of very good quality. Black plums get their name from the dark purple skin that surrounds their flesh. The purple-blue skin covers firm yellowish-green flesh that has a sour taste. Plums belong to the same family as peaches, nectarines, and apricots. Although the plum is juicy, it has a firm flesh, making this a popular variety to eat fresh. To know if this plum variety is ripe for eating, gently squeeze the fruit. Most Japanese plums begin to bloom and mature earlier than any other type of plums. Plums are widely cultivated throughout the world, and many varieties are adapted to a range of soils and climatic conditions. A single plum can weigh up to 8 oz. The greengage plum is one of the few green varieties of plums when they are ripe. They are prized for their sweet taste, golden yellow flesh, and lack of tartness. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. Owing to these nutrients and more, plums help improve the heart’s health, circulation of blood, lower the cholesterol level, remove the appearance of skin scars and thus improve one’s complexion. Owen T plums flaunt attractive bluish-black skin with sweet yellowish flesh. You may also find Moyer plums being sold as Italian plums, French prunes, Italian prunes, or just fresh prunes. Plums are typically categorized by European, Japanese, hybrid and American types. The most popular type of plums now are Japanese plums and come in black, red and yellow colors. Search AC Nursery. The plum types are generally available in the Okanagan Valley beginning in early to mid August. ‘Santa Rosa’ plums are drupes that have reddish-purple skin with juicy strawberry-colored flesh. As the fruit ripens on the plum tree, its sweetness intensifies. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. However, the truth is greengage plums are naturally green in color even when they become mature. A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. And if you only have space for just one, well, the decision is a tough one. America’s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties each year. But research shows that they have the highest sugar level. As its name suggests, the elephant heart plum is a large, heart-shaped stone fruit. Dried prune plums: Today about 70 percent of the world’s dried plum supply, and nearly 100 percent of domestic dried plums, come from California prune plum orchards. However, the deep red-colored flesh is very sweet that offsets the bitter-tasting skin. However, you can plant Mirabelle plum trees in your garden if you want to grow some of the sweetest plums available. There are around 40 species of plums, and a single plum tree can yield around 100 lbs. Plum are the one of the first fruit cultivated by humans. It is also considered to be an “ancient domesticated species” and is widely cultivated in temperate regions. There is hardly any tartness in the taste, and many say that the sweet taste is reminiscent of cherry-flavored fruit punch. Here’s a brief description of these plum hybrids: Let’s look in more detail at the various types of plums that are common in local stores. The difference between these two cultivars is skin and flesh color. Along with this, the taste, the amount of water, and the contribution of nutrients they contain can vary. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh color rather than by name. It is best to consume yellow plums when freshly harvested. Blufre (Blue Free) Plums. Following are some of the main types of Japanese plums that are dominating the commercial supply of plums. The ‘John W’ plum variety has deep red-purple colored skin that surrounds deep orange flesh. Plucots are an early plum-apricot hybrid while pluot consists of plum traits more than an apricot’s. One simple and easy method to ripen Black Beauty is by keeping it in a paper bag and leaving it at room temperature. Depending on the greengage plum cultivar, the green skin can have hints of red blushing or yellow on it. These dark oval plums are medium to large size and are another popular variety for eating fresh. In the United States, plum varieties that dehydrate without fermenting are called prunes. Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. These fruits are black in colour with thick skin. Even with its firm amber-colored flesh, this plum has a sweet flavor. They are a late-season plum variety that ripe in late July and August. This species of plum is delicious fresh and is often dried to create sweet prunes. The common European plum ( P. domestica ) probably originated in the region around the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea and is at least 2,000 years old. There are different types and varieties of plums for every taste. The Mexican plum tree (Prunus mexicana), also called the bigtree plum, naturally occurs in the woods and... Chickasaw Plum. You can also pair them up with savory food items like cheese such as ricotta and chevre, herbs including chili, basil, and arugula, bacon, seafood, and lamb. They are oval shaped and have soft skin and sweet flesh. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. This plum cultivar is similar to the ‘Owen T’ variety in size. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. The dark-red skin covers golden-yellow flesh that has a pleasantly sweet flavor. Satsuma plums are a Japanese variety of medium to small red round plums. Commercially the plums pass through a food dehydrator for 21 hours at 190F in order to remove moisture content of the fruit. Friars feature a round shape with a dark-violet to brightly black color. With so many health benefits, it is good to know that plums come in a wide range of variety. Some popular cultivars are ‘Blue Violet,’ ‘Shropshire Prune,’ Common Damson,’ and ‘Frogmore.’. These plum varieties grow best in areas where peach trees thrive, and are considered more fragile than the other two kinds of plum trees. 2-in-1 Cherry Plum/Sprite Delight. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Cutting open the soft skin reveals sweet amber flesh and a stone in the middle. The Japanese plum tree produces juicer plums, but the flavor of the fruits is less sweet than the European plums. Botanical description Mirabel is a group of varieties of plums that grow on medium-growth trees, having a root in the form of … Some varietal names of plumcots are Plum Parfait and Flavorella. Moyer plums tend to ripen late in the season. It’s at this time when the fruits are at their sweetest. This plum variety is classified as a Japanese plum variety, and they taste delicious when eaten fresh. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. And not the last place in this series is the plum Mirabel. Not all varieties of plums can be used for making prunes. Search AC Nursery. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. These plums ripen later in the season than ‘Owen T’ plums. The skin on these round plums is a dark purple color with hints of a blue dusty wax coating. Also known as Prunus salicina, Japanese plums are quite round and require at least 140 to 170 days to mature. According to a study published in the Journal of HortScience in 2004, the yellow-fleshed red plums are more nutrient-ridden than the red-fleshed ones. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. The most popular type of plums now are Japanese plums and come in black, red and yellow colors. Pluots are a sweet, hybrid fruit with smooth reddish skin and yellowish flesh. Did you know that you can store greengage plums for up to a week? Plum, Prunus domestica / Rosaceae There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. Dark red to purple mottled skin covers sweet juicy red flesh that has a firm texture. Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while giving you a dose of excellent antioxidants at the same time. Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. This round plum is one of the few sweet plum varieties that ripens in mid-summer. (230 g) and measure a whopping 3” (7.5 cm) across. Elephant Heart plum. These yummy plums are also quite versatile in nature and can be used in the making of various dishes like ice creams, pies, and cakes. It is native to Europe and Asia. To let them survive for this long, you will need to refrigerate the plums. Blufre (or 'Blue Free') plums are a dark blue-black with a firm, greenish yellow flesh. Maturity Chart. This drupe fruit is extremely juicy when biting into its firm flesh. The crop is ready for picking in late August, and the trees usually produce a bumper crop. What is more incredible is that by utilizing black plums in your dishes, the dark skin spreads out a pretty purple color in the entire dish. Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. European plums can be found in a number of varieties, varying in their colors and flavors.
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